Without Addressing The Global 1MDB Scandal And The RM4.2 Billion Donation Scandal, What Other Anti-Corruption Measures In The 2017 Budget Can Help Achieve The Targetted Transparency International (TI) Ranking Of No. 30 By The Year 2020 From The Current Ranking Of 54 In 2015?(e/c)

Press Statement By DAP Secretary-General And MP For Bagan Lim Guan Eng In Kuala Lumpur On 22.9.2016.

The BN Federal government had set the target of No.30 by the year 2020 in the Transparency International’s World Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI). Without addressing the global 1MDB scandal and the RM4.2 billion donation scandal, what other anti-corruption measures in the 2017 Budget can help achieve the targetted Transparency International (TI) Rankings of No. 30 by the year 2020 from the current ranking of 54 in 2015?

For 2015, Malaysia dropped four places to No. 54 in the survey of the CPI of 168 nations, with Malaysia’s score declining from 52/100 to 50/100. TI Malaysia has said that Malaysia’s CPI ranking would have slid even further to 59 as nations such as Barbados, Panama, Dominican Republic, Bahamas, St Vincent and Puerto Rico were not covered last year.

In contrast, TI Malaysia also said that Thailand and Indonesia made significant progress in fighting corruption, with Thailand improving by 9 spots whilst Indonesia improved by 19 spots in 2015. TI is correct that there is a correlation between CPI and economic growth. The top 5 least corrupt countries in the world share features of good governance and a high standard of integrity in public service, openness in government contracts, effective legal systems, law on access to information, independence of anti-graft agencies.

Clearly, Malaysia’s rankings dropped, whilst Thailand and Indonesia improved because of the 1MDB scandal. What is more alarming is that the 2015 TI rankings did not take into account the historic action of the US Department of Justice(DOJ) this year, to forfeit and recover USD1 billion of assets stolen by officials of 1MDB. Described by US Attorney-General Loretta Lynch, as the largest single action ever brought under the Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Initiative, she said that this USD1 billion is only part of the USD3 billion stolen from Malaysian taxpayers.

If the DOJ action was factored in, the TI’s CPI rankings for Malaysia is likely to drop even further. For this reason, Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak must set forth anti-corruption measures in his 2017 Budget or else publicly abandon the Federal government’s target of No. 30 TI ranking by 2020 – which would be so ridiculous that it would be considered as a sick joke!

LIM GUAN ENG

—-mandarin Version—-

民主行动党秘书长兼峇眼区国会议员林冠英于2016年9月22日在吉隆坡发表声明:

在没有解决全球一马公司丑闻以及42亿令吉的捐款丑闻的前提下,在2017年财政预算案中有什么反贪措施可以协助提高我国在国际透明组织的排名目标?那就是在2020年从2015年的54名晋身至30名。

国阵联邦政府已经设定目标,要在2020年把我国的国际透明组织全球贪污印象指数提高至排名30。然而,在没有解决全球一马公司丑闻以及42亿令吉的捐款丑闻的前提下,在2017年财政预算案中有什么反贪措施可以协助提高我国在国际透明组织的排名目标,那就是在2020年从2015年的54名晋身至30名。

2015年,马来西亚贪污印象指数排名在168个国家中滑跌了四名,排名54,马来西亚的得分从52/100退步到50/100。马来西亚国际透明组织也说过,若不是因为去年的排名并没有包括巴巴多斯、巴拿马、多明尼加共和国、巴哈马、圣文森特和波多黎各,马来西亚的贪污印象指数排名还可能下滑至59名。

相反地,国际透明组织也说泰国和印尼也在肃贪方面有显著的进步,2015年泰国进步了9名,印尼进步了19名。国际透明组织是对的,贪污印象指数及经济成长是相关的,全球首五个最少贪污的国家都共同拥有良好施政及高水平廉洁度的公共服务、政府工程公开招标、有效的司法制度、资讯透明法、独立的肃贪机关。

很明显地,在泰国和印尼的反贪工作进步之际,马来西亚的排名下滑,这可以归咎于一马公司丑闻。最让人警惕的是,2015年国际透明组织并还没有考虑美国司法部的历史性举动— 充公及扣押一马公司官员所盗取的价值10亿美元的资产。根据美国司法部长林奇的形容说,被充公的10亿美元资产只是马来西亚纳税人被盗走的30亿美元的一部分。

如果将美国司法部的行动考虑在内,国际透明组织的马来西亚贪污印象指数看样子还会再下滑。因此,首相拿督斯里纳吉必须在2017年财政预算案中阐明他的肃贪措施,否则他应该公开放弃联邦政府2020年国际透明排行30名的目标—这是非常离谱、也将沦为笑柄!

林冠英

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